Unsafe foods for baby before 1 year
Forbidden baby foods
Foods to avoid during first year – As your baby grows and becomes more adventurous in eating, you must keep certain things in mind while feeding your baby. There might be well-wishers offering your baby different foods but you should politely tell them that it has not been introduced or doctor has prohibited certain things. Here we list out foods that can be dangerous for your baby before she turns one and you must avoid them before her first birthday and sometimes beyond.
Foods to avoid giving infants during first year
Choking Hazards for babies
There are many food items which present choking hazard to baby, if given before baby turns 1 and even later.
Nuts. Nuts pose a big risk as choking hazard, as they are tough to chew with limited teeth that baby has. Even when baby is older, these should be crushed to powder or small pieces till kid is 3-5 years old.
Big Fruits Fruits like berries and grapes can cause choking as baby does not have have enough teeth to chew them. If giving these should be cut into small manageable pieces for baby.
Chunky fruits and vegetables Big pieces of vegetables like carrots, cucumber etc and fruits like apples, pear etc can cause choking and should not be given to babies. Fruits and veggies must be cooked well and shredded to small pieces or mashed well.
Raisins are also choking hazard and should be avoided till baby is older.
Popcorn too can cause choking and should be avoided.
Hard candy or jellies should be avoided.
Allergens – Foods to avoid during baby’s first year
Following foods should be avoided early on, as they can cause allergy in babies. If there is a known allergy in your family, you should wait even longer and introduce carefully in consultation with doctor.
Nuts. Nuts like peanuts and others have been known to cause allergy and it is best not to introduce them to baby before turning at least one. If there is a history of nut allergy in your family, you may want to wait even further and introduce with doctor’s advice.
Eggs Eggs are a common allergen and most doctors advise against its introduction early on. Yolk is considered safer than egg-white and should be introduced before white.
Shellfish Shellfish like prawns, crabs etc are a common allergen and should be avoided till baby is much older.
Strawberry are known to be allergenic and should be avoided till baby is at least one.
Citrus Fruits like orange, lemon etc should be avoided till baby is at least 1 as they can cause painful rashes to baby.
Chocolates also pose risk of allergy and should be avoided till baby is atleast a few years old. It also makes sense to delay it to protect your baby’s teeth.
Other Hazards – Foods to avoid during first year
Cow’s milk should not be introduced to baby before first birthday, as it contains more protein and sodium than your baby’s delicate system can handle. It also has less iron and essential fatty acids than breastmilk and formula, which are essential for your baby’s growth. Some babies are known to develop reflux and allergies if started on cow’s milk early on.
Honey can be dangerous to baby before first birthday and should be avoided. It may contain spores of Clostridium botulinum, which though harmless to adults can cause Botulism in babies.
Seafish like tuna, salmon, sharks which are high in mercury should not be given to baby.
Unpasteurized Milk can contain dangerous bacteria and should be avoided in babies and young kids.
Teas and Coffee
Tea, coffee and cocoa contain caffeine which can interfere with absorption of calcium and should be avoided for babies and young kids.
Carbonated drinks like soda, colas etc contain lots of sugar, sodium and artificial flavourings all bad for young kids. Carbonation happens due to gas which can upset your baby’s tummy as well.
Salt and sugar
Salt and sugar is best not given to baby before they turn 1 year. Breastmilk and other foods and baby takes has enough sodium, so her little body needs no extra salt. Infact, extra salt can do harm to their tiny, developing bodies.
Read more on why salt should avoided in baby’s food during first year.
Experts believe that sugar offered during first year can lead to kids preferring sweet food and not being willing to try savoury and natural food items. It is hence best for babies to introduce them to the natural tastes of fruits and vegetables without additional salt or sugar.