First Aid/ Home Remedies for Insect Bites

Home Remedies for Insect Bites – Insect bites are a common problem during most seasons especially summer and rainy seasons. Some insect bites can lead to itchy rashes while few can be more dangerous leading to illnesses like malaria and dengue. With the scare of dengue in a lot of Indian cities, it is important to protect yourself from mosquitoes.

But children may get bitten by insects while playing outdoors and it may be painful or itchy later. My 4 years old rarely feels a sting while playing, but as soon as we are back home from park, complaints would start. I usually follow some simple ways to ease her discomfort. I have also researched some more simple home-remedies that one can use in case of an insect bite.



Symptoms of Insect Bite

The symptoms are a result of venom injected by the insect. Venom injected may cause redness, pain and itchiness and sometimes leading to allergic reaction which may result in rash.

Also Read:

Various baby rashes, symptoms, causes and treatment


Most reactions to insect bites are mild and symptoms subside within a day or two. In some cases of severe reaction, symptoms may be serious like :

  • Hives all over the body
  • Swelling of face or other parts of body
  • Difficulty in breathing
  • Nausea and Vomiting
  • Convulsions

If your baby or toddler gets bit by an insect, you can do perform some basic first-aid to relieve the pain and itchiness. Consult a doctor, if symptoms get serious. 



Treatment of Insect Bite

As with most kids, my daughter does not even realise some insect has bit her, when she is busy playing. s soon as we reach home and it is time to change and wash, the complaints about bites and itches come pouring. 

Whenever your child complains of a insect bite, it is best to take the child to a well-lit area to examine the infected area. If you can see the stinger, you should pull it out carefully. This will help in limiting the venom from spreading further.


  • I usually clean the stung area with soap and water. It helps relieve quite a bit of irritation.
  • Applying an ice-pack to prevent swelling and itching works too.
  • Next I apply a calamine lotion or hydrocortisone cream to relieve itching.

 Take below steps to ensure there is no further damage :

  •  Trim kid’s nails short so that she cannot scratch
  • Dress baby is long and full sleeved clothes. Make sure clothes are thin if weather is hot. This will discourage scratching
  • Apply ice-packs if itching is very bad.


10 Home Remedies for Insect Bites

Here we give 10 first-aid/ home remedies for insect Bites:

1) Wash with warm water and soap and apply a antihistamine cream.

2) Apply an ice-pack. Take a few cubes of ice in a cotton handkerchief and apply on the affected area. It will soothe the itchiness and swelling.

3) Rub the back of a banana peel on the affected area.

4) Cut an onion and rub it on the area where you see the bite. This remedy also works in case of bee sting.

5) Apply apple cider vinegar on the affected area.

6)  A cool used tea bag will cool and soothe the bug bite area.

7) Mix turmeric powder with a few drops of water and apply on the affected area. Turmeric’s anti-inflammatory properties will heal the bite.

8) Alo vera gel can also heal and soothe insect bites.

9) Take few leaves of tulasi and crush them using a mortar and pestle. Apply it on insect bite area. The oils in tulsi can heal and prevent infection.

10) Apply a little peppermint toothpaste on the bite area to soothe the itchiness.



Home Remedies for Insect Bites


 When to call a doctor for Insect bite ?

 If you notice severe reactions in your child, you must consult a doctor :

  • Child has difficulty in breathing.
  • Child faints
  • Develops severe rash or hives
  • Face or throat swells up
  • If child starts vomiting

Prevention of insect bites

  • Use mosquito nets on windows to prevent entry of mosquitoes.
  • Use baby-safe mosquito-repellent cream when going out. Do not apply it on hands as babies frequently put their hands in mouth.
  • Use liquid mosquito-repellents at home.


Are there any go to home remedies for insect bites, that you use? We would love to hear your inputs.

Step by step how to give Nasal Saline Drops to Babies

How to administer nasal saline drops to baby for unblocking a congested nose?

Step by step procedure to give saline drops to baby to clear congested nose.

What are Nasal Saline Drops?

Nasal saline  drops are salt and water solution that can be dropped in nose to relieve congestion. In case baby gets cold, mucous collects in baby’s nose and makes it difficult for baby to breathe.

Saline drops can be used on very young kids who are too young for decongestants.


How to give Nasal Saline Drops to Babies?

You need to be extra-careful when giving nasal saline drops to babies or for that matter any medicine. Follow below steps when you give nasal saline drops to your baby:

  • Wash your hands thoroughly with soap and water.
  • Make you baby lie on your lap while supporting with your secondary arm( left arm if you are right-handed and vice-versa). Ensure that the head is slight bent backwards.
  • Use a bulb syringe or nasal aspirator to suck the mucus out of the nose.
  • Nasal saline drops for babies comes with a dropper with markings. You should take exact dosage as prescribed in the dropper. If your drops have a spout at the top and not the dropper, just play the medicine bottle in place of dropper.
  • Carefully place the dropper or tip of the saline drops, just inside baby’s nostril while trying not to touch it to the side of the nostril.
  • Gently squeeze the medicine into the nose.
  • Repeat the same procedure for second nostril too.
  • Let the baby remain in the same position for some time for medicine to flow.
  • Rinse the tip of the dropper with warm water and close the medicine bottle tightly.


Pros of Nasal Saline drops/ Spray

  • Easily available over the counter.
  • Inexpensive
  • relieves congestion in kids and elders.
  • Effect and provide relief instantly.
  • Non-medicated

Cons of Nasal Saline drops/ spray

  • May be uncomfortable for young kids
  • Effects are not long term and may require many insertions.

saline drops

In case you do not have saline drops available, it can also be made at home :

  • Boil 250 ml or 8 oz of water for 5-10 minutes to kill all impurities.
  • Add 1/2 tsp of non-iodised salt and dissolve completely.
  • Cool down and store in a clean bottle.
  • You can use it for up to 24 hours.



Clearing Baby’s Congested Nose using Nasal Aspirator

No parent like to see their little one suffer, but most babies suffer from cold at least a few times during the first year. A stuffy nose is specially irritating for the babies, as they do not know how to breathe from mouth and are too young to blow their nose. It can also interfere with nursing in newborn babies and can disturb their sleep too. Severe congestion can also lead to earache.

A nasal aspirator or bulb syringe and saline drops are used for clearing baby’s congested nose and must be a part of baby’s first-aid or medicine box. A good aspirator should have a soft rubber tip and should be transparent, so you can see what you are doing. Keep saline drops and clean nasal aspirator handy before you start :


How to use a Nasal Aspirator( Bulb syringe) to clear baby’s congested nose

  1. Ensure baby is rested and fed before you start. Do not try this if your baby is already in a bad mood.
  2. Sit or lie baby in a comfortable position. First time can be scary for baby, so ensure you are there to comfort her.
  3. If baby’s nostrils are dry, squirt a few drops of nasal saline drops in baby’s nostrils. Do not put too much as that can irritate your baby or could even go into throat. Wait for a few minutes, so that nostrils get hydrated.
  4. Press the bulb of aspirator to squeeze out all air.
  5. Gently insert the tip of aspirator into baby’s nostril. Do not insert too deep.
  6. Release the bulb on the aspirator slowly to suck the mucous out of nostril.
  7. Clean the syringe by wiping the mucous on to a paper towel and washing with water.
  8. Repeat again for the other nostril.
  9. Clean the nasal aspirator using warm soapy water after use and rinse finally using clean warm water.


Using a snotsucker nasal aspirator for cleaning baby’s congested nose

Clearing baby's congested nose

Using the nasal aspirator too often can irritate baby’s sensitive nasal membrane. Use only if nose is very congested. To relieve congestion you can also make baby use vaporizer.

You can also use some home remedies for cold.